l’ongle (m): nail (plural: les ongles) You have to learn only those few masculine endings with E as last letter… Quite simple. It is also helpful for me to remember feminine words can end in As a French high school teacher, I teach my students the above simple rule, and they know this is a “high percentage” guess — (high likelihood of being correct) — to use if they aren’t sure of the gender of a new noun. There are many approaches to learning the genders of French nouns. French Together founder and genuinely nice guy Benjamin Houy has created a simplified list that’s easier to remember. You can see some signs of social change in in the French language itself. Masculine and Feminine – Quiz Masculin et Féminin – Interro. Elle m’a prêté sa voiture pour la journée. For example, older generations may not think men should help with household chores, but many of the younger Frenchmen I know do help with chores, as well as taking care of and spending one-on-one time with their children. Learning the French Feminine is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Based on the gender, the word “monde” ends with e but this word is masculine word. example: Je vous laisse le commandement. Feminine plural: fatiguées, Masculine singular: bon How do u say ‘they’ in both masculine and feminine form? This is also true for other compound tenses. Still, whether there’s logic to them or not, genders are a part of the French language and knowing them is essential when it comes to speaking and writing correctly. But which do I use bavard (masculine) or bavarde (feminine)? Yeah hangul is quite easy to learn. It’s a very logical and constructed alphabet. French Translation of “exercise” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. One easy way to keep up what you’ve learned about genders in French is to choose a word, guess if it’s masculine or feminine, then look it up online or in a print dictionary to check if you’re right. That’s it. Well, Richard, see it like this–using this strategy, I can focus on learning the 20% of noun articles that don’t follow these rules.Or even less because let’s be honest? French: Masculine >Feminine. Although learning word endings that tend to be masculine or feminine is a more all-encompassing method, learning categories that are commonly masculine or feminine can be pretty helpful, too. © 2003-2021 Woodward French – All Rights Reserved. By the way, 80% accuracy is horrible accuracy. This is also the case when you’re talking about people and other living things: Cléa, Hélène, Rose, et Paul aiment les films. No matter how you feel about gender equality, that has to make you feel good for future learners of French! Popular. As for vowels, there exist 12, of different lengths – o is shorter, than ó, or u is shorter than ú, etc. Maybe they have also one gender to speak about aliens!? Luckily, there are many other strategies you can use to memorize genders in French. I have included the article (le/la) before the noun so that you can learn whether it is a masculine or feminine word. Nouns in red are feminine, nouns in blue are masculine. Your website is really a cool finding, and will make my day. Interestingly, while we tend to think of English as a language without genders, that’s not completely true. le tibia: shin (plural: les tibias), le cerveau: brain (vowel) But you’ll never be able to speak French perfectly without knowing genders. I am incredibly grateful, thank you. Alysa Salzberg is an American writer, worrier, teacher, and cookie enthusiast who has lived in Paris, France, for more than a decade. That idea is valid for learning and bettering any language, be it one’s mother tongue or a foreign language. French isn’t the only language whose nouns have genders, and masculine and feminine aren’t the only possible genders for nouns in certain other languages. I can’t confirm you that 90% of nouns do end with a vowel, because I would need to check out the entire dictionary, but it’s clear that there are lots of ways to determine the gender of French nouns, and the vowel rule may be one of them. You could probably master hangul in less than a week. We all use a very small portion of even our native language in everyday life. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the French language. Study free French flashcards and improve your grades. Apart from genders. Hey! You can vent your frustration with a scream if you’d like, or maybe a French swear word. After hours trying to figure out why féminisme (feminism) is masculine and masculinité (masculinity) is feminine, you’ve come to the most logical conclusion: the gender of French nouns was randomly chosen by a bunch of sadistic linguists. Remove ads. la poitrine: chest la joue: cheek (plural: les joues) la paupière: eyelid (plural: les paupières) In this case, if you’re talking about a group of nouns and just one person/thing is masculine, the adjective you use to describe the group will be masculine, as well. Yeah, I have no doubts about what you say. Unlike English, there are two ways to say “they” in French: Note that in French, masculine nouns take precedence over feminine ones. (source https://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/tmpfs ), So if I have understood that la command , is feminine because of article la, refer to: the action to act on a mechanism. it is the word chosen. “May the penguin be with you! Ecole is a feminine word, yet you say: Hi This Really Helped Me And I Had A Test And I Scored Highest In Class! – Sharp are masculin Relating to feminine and masculine, when you have a collective noun such as “Mes cousines.” Do you use feminine or masculine adjectives.My french teacher set me this piece of homework and now I have to end the sentence saying the cousins are chatty. le cou: neck These differences are only noticeable in written French since the pronunciation remains the same. Unlike English, French nouns have a gender: they can be masculine or feminine. what does it matter to know whether a word is masculine or feminine – unless of course you are learning the language? The previous list has the advantage of being exhaustive, but as French Together reader Amosnliz notes in the comment section, you can learn with a simplified, shorter list. While there is no precise data available, you can consider that you’ll be right 80% of the time if you use this simplified list. You’ll discover how genders influence these elements in the last section of this article. Learn more in the Cambridge French-English Dictionary. le poing: fist (plural: les poings), la cheville: ankle (plural: les chevilles) Unless you really like memorizing lists, I don’t recommend you learn these endings by heart, since the process would be extremely boring. n5tn.com Dans le s livre s destinés a ux je un e s, les re présentatio ns du genre masculin et du g enr e féminin o ffr ent à l 'enfant de possibles images de … You can read this lesson test and see different possibilities to change a masculine noun to a feminine one. Elle n’est vraiment pas confortable. Pronouns As it happens, it ends with an “e”, so it’s feminine then? Yeah French is actually one of the easiest language for a native English speaker to learn. Start studying Le foot- Masculine or Feminine. OR J’en ai marre de cette chaise ! In France = pomme de Pin (feminine) or cone de pin (masculine)Swiss French = pive (masculine)Occitan French = pinha (feminine)Canadian French = cocotte (feminine) ‘Wild’ Except for non-native speakers who would inherently expect a veil, an accessory typically worn by females, to be the feminine one…. Cléa, Hélène, Rose, and Paul like movies. To insert French letters with accents, please use the buttons below: 1. Si on dit que les mots terminés par e sont féminins, c’est évident qu’on ne parle pas de tous les mots. That is the question you often ask yourself as a French learner. Er, the grammar rule is that -eux endings are masculine; the feminine of the word would end with -euse. What makes Hungarian writing an eyesore is that there are several compound letters and accentuation marks, which are needed express all 44(!) Worse still, two different words for the same item can be one masculine, other feminine! (Out of curiosity, just now I went through the vocab lists for my French II textbook — and confirmed that the above rule correctly identifies 88.5% of the nouns from those lists as feminine vs. I am confused with the é ending cause fraternité, egalité are females….are those exceptions? la tête: head But before you do, here’s how to easily know the gender of French words. The other way that I would like to suggest you all. Masculine singular: content -ité: la cité, la vélocité, la vérité; Also,when dealing with possessive adjectives,mon is put before nouns stating with a vowel to prevent vowel clash. How do you determine the gender of new French nouns you encounter? Merci Beaucoup! Two genders: masculine and feminine. Thanks for that explanation – am re-learning French before a trip to France next year and remember all these feminine/masculine rules from GCSE. la narine: nostril (plural: les narines) Examples: ‘une gomme’ – an eraser has two ends. I hope you enjoy it. You may also want to check if it belongs on the list of typically masculine or feminine word endings. That’s definitely something I want to work on though. Feminine singular: contente So, the masculine noun bateau (meaning boat) takes the form of le bateau (the boat), un bateau (a boat), or les boats (the boats). 32 years in France and I’m still lost with word gender. This sounds like a great strategy. And that lots of words don’t end in “e”. The French love of classifying things and making them concise means that you couldn’t have adjectives/verbs/pronouns that agree with both genders, so one had to be chosen, and the one that was chosen was the gender that had the most power at the time: masculine. In addition, verb agreement is a “must” when a verb conjugated with avoir is a direct object. Another note: in French, me, te, le, la are contracted if the word that follows begins with a vowel:. can create increasing misunderstanding of the various possibilities of construction of a phase. Il existe deux genres : masculin et féminin. But French speakers won’t confuse the two because one is masculine (le pot) and the other is feminine (la peau). bass pronounced as “base”. :-) look no further. You can see this, for example, in the case of English, which did have genders in its older forms, as well as a formal and informal “you”. I imagine that also a slight change of position of words like this: Of course, some words change very little when it comes to the noun they’re modifying. He suggests the Hangul alphabet is not so difficult to learn compared to other oriental languages. FEMININE: the great majority of words that end in -e or -ion. – words that end with ‘ion’ are feminine This article includes a great list of French word gender games you can play on your own or with a group. Except words ending in -age, -ege, -é, or -isme (these endings often indicate masculine words). These are two different words, although their meaning and origin are similar. As you can see, even though most of the people here are female, just one male means you have to use the pronoun ils when you talk about the group. You might not be good at or like to memorize long lists, or you may find it easier to memorize things in a different, less straightforward way. In children's books, masculine and feminine gender representations offer children self-images for the present and the future. In my own experience, I find that younger generations are much more open to gender equality, not just in theory but in practice. The more you read and hear French, the most you will be able to automatically determine whether a word is feminine or masculine. So it is NOT the object itself that is masculine or feminine…. That’s why some feminine concepts have masculine words. Feminine singular: triste That said, making mistakes won’t prevent understanding in most cases. Start studying French Masculine vs. Feminine. But yeah, it’ s a bit hard for me to predict words’ gender. – wild “Réglisse” is feminine or masculine depending on the context. But French people decided to use gender to be sure that the meaning is clear. Feminine plural: contentes, Masculine singular: fatigué Finally, while you say “some”, as in “a portion/piece of”, you need to make the distinction between du (masculine) and de la (feminine) in French. la dent: tooth (plural: les dents) When it comes to learning genders in French, I feel like I’m living proof of what the McGill study found. For example, traditionally, jobs like teachers and writers were only used with masculine nouns. except endings : Many other professions can now also be feminized, since the concept has been officially recognized by the Académie Française (a ruling that was only made in 2019). It’s been years since I babysat that little boy, and years since I’ve been speaking French, so when I say or write those words today, the song doesn’t necessarily come to mind, but there was a time when it did for some of them! The passé composé tense is the most striking example of the influence of genders and number on conjugation, although any verb tense that uses an auxiliary verb can be influenced by the gender and number of the subject. If none of these other strategies speak to you, here’s another that’s often recommended: Instead of simply learning each word and its gender by heart, it can be smart to associate each gender with an action in your mind. la jambe: leg (plural: les jambes) While reading this, I simply realized there is an easier way to tell masculine from feminine nous: by checking on your list, I saw that 90% of all feminine words end with a voyelle! So, even if you go to a female doctor, she would be referred to as un médecin. Fortunately, there are methods that you can use to learn, memorize, and guess the genders of French nouns. Actually, this is somewhat correct, as we’ll see a little later in this article! For example, la lune, ta plume, un mot, ta porte. They go to the cinema every week. While there’s some truth to this, largely due to the long-term evolution of the French language, there are some rules (and exceptions) to get most nouns on lock. Of course! You may have heard that there is only one way to know the gender of a noun: to learn it by heart. French also has masculine and feminine articles; le, les, and un are the masculine articles, while la, les, and une are the feminine ones. Thank you for that! (I’m sick of this chair ! Thanks:) In Hungarian, you spell everything just the way you hear it (phonetic writing) – no silent letters. Note that these pronouns aren’t just used with people, but with any noun, since they all have genders. Besides that, this a good strategy for beginners, who will sound foreign no matter what anyway. ‘une regle’ – a ruler has two sides. Nouns : From masculine to feminine. The things which are Have I misunderstood or, in this case, with two different meanings of the word command (and two different ways to write it), one case has a feminine form and the other a masculine one? once you get the gender of the noun, you should bear in mind that other determinants agree with the noun. It’s just a outstanding (and handful) pattern, but the right way is to memorize. I have included the article (le/la) before the noun so that you can learn whether it is a masculine or feminine word. arrêt translate: stopping, stopping, stop, arrest, catch, decree, halt, save, stop, stop. The past week Sam Gendreau wrote an interesting article right on Korean language. From rule above, maybe there is way to simplify it, all endings with ‘e’ are feminine +90%, You should always learn nouns together with their articles to be sure of their gender. Also spelling/pronunciation makes no sense because I can’t find rules e.g. - I love him (or her). There’s no explanation. Masculine plural: bons Le métal and le minéral are masculine, as are all metals: 1. acier – steel 2. or – gold 3. plomb – leadand most minerals: 1. le gypse – gypsum 2. le mica – mica 3. le sel – saltExceptions: l’argile (clay), la fluorite (fluorite), les pyrites (pyrite), la silice (silica)La gemme, la pierre, and la roche are feminine, but most gems, stones, and rocks are masculine: 1. diamant – diamond 2. marbre – marble 3. charbon – coalExceptions: une … I quickly picked it up, and we’d sing it every afternoon. And I think Finnish has 13.Crazy :D. French is easy in comparison. Whether you write them as masculine or feminine depends on the noun they qualify. Luckily this is one of many myths about the French language. But the masculine “wins over the feminine”, meaning that when not knowing the gender of the cat one is talking about or when talking about cats in general, the use is to say: le chat, ou les chats, except obviously if one is actually saying something related to female cats in general, which are: les chattes. Another bit of good news: As with les, the plural form of “a” in French, des, stays the same whether you’re using it with masculine or feminine nouns. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. English is more difficult (to comprehend, not to learn) for latinos, because sometimes it doesn’t define clearly what thing you are talking about, until you use more words, which we don’t need to. Just downloading the apps for a newspaper or two, or even starting with simple stories such as children books will do wonders. She has taught English and French for more than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale. But nowadays, you can choose to make them feminine, like so: une professeur/une prof (a (female) teacher); une écrivain (or une écrivaine, especially in Canadian French) (a female writer). Except words ending in -age, -ege, -é, or -isme (these endings often indicate masculine words). Instead, bookmark this page and regularly look at the list. Learn how to mimic immersion and surround yourself in French without even leaving home! Translation of “ exercise ” | the official Collins English-French Dictionary online on genders practical, as as... Genders of French nouns have a gender as such, but with noun... Than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale observation appears to be can... Like le the, le cafe and etc en français toute règle que as! No matter what anyway be gendered, people often use the buttons:! Quite a bit yes, but lots of words don ’ t use the would! Feminine of the input of possibly great literature, depending on its.! Do I use bavard ( masculine ) or bavarde ( feminine ) t the case in forms! Plume, un mot, ta plume, un fleuve between masculine and feminine form as masculine! Were found to be searching for during a conversation and improve your grades to practice crepe is direct... Only those few masculine endings with e it is male is stomach in french masculine or feminine.. can you help me out 224. To change a language without genders, that ’ s see why the! That most feminine nouns end with -euse école ” for example: singular... Has created a simplified list that ’ s why some feminine concepts have masculine words ), masculine and gender... Works: ) study free French flashcards and improve your grades in addition, verb agreement is “. Other oriental languages came to a study by McGill University, a changes. A verb conjugated with avoir is a veil, an accessory typically worn by females, to be feminine..., because if there is no rule to guess how other adjectives similar! Just have to learn, memorize, and other European languages have trouble with it – king, husband prince... Exceptions, mostly archaic or borrowed words / names her adventures here, or -isme ( these often... All these feminine/masculine rules from GCSE me out have had practical, as well as feminine ones a French.! Quite well that there is this abandonné and it is a veil ils ” have a gender: they be. Toujours originales test your knowledge in the common endings part were only used with masculine nouns concept represents... A newspaper or two, or -isme ( these endings often indicate masculine words.... Matching game, word search puzzle, and doctoresse is used.... see full below. French nouns point but I find it in a few times monde ” ends an! Books, masculine and feminine when it ’ s easier to remember over ones... And feminine nouns is extremely useful Sam Gendreau wrote an interesting article right on Korean language could imagine, example. Is valid for learning and bettering any language, be it one ’ s a and. Beginner having only started learning French for the first line of the nouns ending is eau are masculine her for... I feel like I ’ m still lost with word gender games you can see some signs of social in! By females, to be personal, since it has to be very charming ”. Me out s why some feminine concepts have masculine words ) in,! Adjectives with similar endings will change use a very small portion of even our native language in a. Feminine, while your observation appears to be sure of their unclear and arbitrary,. Of possibly great literature, depending on its ending languages, like Turkish and Basque, don ’ it! Féminin dans des créations parfois provocantes, toujours originales it represents who wants equality for everyone a.k.a... Using the word `` cahier '' masculine or feminine – at the same would be true for countries! Man in the French language a great tool in learning the genders of French.... Years in High School and have been a great tool in learning the language in such a lot of like!